Robinson Crusoe tells the story of Robinson, a survivor of a shipwreck, who spends 28 years on a remote and desolate tropical island. The main character, Robinson Crusoe, was born into a middle-class family, and his life ambition is to travel on voyages for discovery. Once on a voyage to Africa, he encounters a storm and drifts to a deserted island, where he begins a life of isolation. Robinson rescued a fugitive cannibal boy called Friday. As the two people spend time together, they developed into a father-and-friend friendship. This friendship, which is missing in the civilized world, becomes the spiritual pillar of Robinson's later life on the desert island for more than 20 years. Life on the island is completely free. The island is an independent space away from the hustle and bustle, and from industrial civilization. Robinson's experience on the island represents the dream in people's hearts that with their own hands, they too can create their ideal paradise on earth.
At the end of the nineteenth century, no other book in Western literature had more editions, derivatives, and translations than Robinson Crusoe, which even had more than 700 adaptations.
About the Author:
Daniel Defoe was born in London in 1660. He was originally named Foe, but later added the aristocratic-sounding prefix "de" to his surname. Defoe had a disastrous experience at an early age, with the plague in London in 1665 and the Great Fire of London in 1666. He was about ten years old when his mother died. Defoe graduated from high school and served in the church, but did not attend university. He worked as a merchant and participated in political uprisings, and published his proposals for social reform by writing articles.
In 1719 Defoe completed his most famous work, Robinson Crusoe. Defoe's other major works of fiction were Captain Singleton in 1720, and Moor Flanders in 1722. Defoe also wrote a large number of pamphlets and news reports. In 1722, when the plague broke out in Marseilles, France, Defoe published "The Diary of the Year of the Great Plague". It is generally believed that Robinson Crusoe was inspired by the personal experience of Scotsman Alexander Selkirk. Selkirk spent four years in exile on a small island in the South Pacific of Chile. The island was renamed Robinson Crusoe Island in 1966.