How will fiscal decentralization affect China?
A must-read book for political scientists and economists, Structural Reform in China’s Regional Governments uses the latest government data to offer an empirical study of the characteristic fiscal reforms, including the introduction of the tax assignment system in 1994 and the 2002 income tax reform, which determine the size and structure of China’s regional governments.
Based on a thorough review of the current data, the theoretical framework of the authors provides for a meta-analysis of 30 years of data of 30 provinces and more than 1,000 counties using multiple econometric models. In light of the changes in fiscal decentralization after the 1994 introduction of the tax assignment system and the 2002 income tax reform, the authors analyze the substantial socioeconomic impact of the intricate intergovernmental fiscal relationships and the reform of the regional government administrative structure.
Structural Reform in China's Regional Governments, in two volumes, presents the objective and scientific findings of the latest research in China. This series also uses two econometric models (System GMM and 2SLS regression) to:
Outline the financial self-sufficiency of China’s low-level governments
Predict less dependency on low-level governments for public expenditure
Explain China’s unique direct provincial financial management system
Statistics of the size and structure of provincial and county-level government expenditure
Decentralization of intergovernmental transfer payments
Evolution of the financial management system
Estimation of the reaction function of budgetary expenditure
Spatial GMM estimation of the extra-budgetary expenditure and economic expenditure
Fiscal decentralization, governmental organizational structure, and the resolution of financial problems of county-level governments
About the Author
Guo Qingwang is the Dean of the School of Finance, Renmin University of China, and the Vice-President of the Chinese Tax Institute. Guo's work covers public finance and taxation, macroeconomic theory, and policies. He is the author of The Effectiveness and Fade-Out Strategy of Active Fiscal Policy (2007), Corporation Tax: International Comparison (1996), and Active Fiscal Policy and Monetary Policy (2004).
Jia Junxue is the Deputy Head of the School of Finance, Renmin University of China. Jia was also the Chairman of the Chinese Finance Society. His research covers public economics and macroeconomic theory and policies.