1984 is a dystopian novel by English author George Orwell published in 1949. The novel is set in Airstrip One, a world of perpetual war, omnipresent government surveillance, and public manipulation. It is dictated by a political system named English Socialism under the control of the Inner Party, that persecutes individualism and independent thinking.
Many of its terms and concepts, such as Big Brother, doublethink, thoughtcrime, Newspeak, Room 101, telescreen, 2 + 2 = 5, and memory holes, have entered into common use since its publication. In 2005, the novel was chosen by TIME magazine as one of the 100 best English-language novels.
About the Author:
George Orwell (喬治·歐威爾)
George Orwell 本名埃里克·亞瑟·布萊爾 (1903 - 1950)，英國左翼作家，新聞記者和社會評論家。他的作品以清晰的散文,尖銳的社會批評,反對極權主義和直言不諱地支持民主社會主義為特點。